Flora Schofield

Maiden Name: 
Israel
Variant Names: 
Flora Schoenfeld
Flora Itwin Schofield
Birth Date: 
03/06/1871
Birth Place: 
Lanark, IL
Death Date: 
10/05/1960
Death Place: 
Chicago
Variant Date/Place: 
Birth date 1879 or 1873
Residences/Studios: 
5024 Ellis Ave, Chicago, 1915
Active In: 
Chicago
Medium: 
Painting - Watercolor
Printmaking
Subject: 
City Scenes/Cityscape
Figure
Floral Still Life
Landscape
Still Life
Style: 
Abstraction
Cubism
Modernism
Exhibitions: 
Annual Exhibition of the Art Students League of Chicago, AIC, 1899
Annual Exhibition of Works by Chicago and Vicinity Artists, AIC, 1899-1944 (26 times)
Annual Exhibition of Oil Paintings & Sculpture by American Artists, AIC, 1897-1932 (11times)
Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco (CA), 1915
A Century of Progress Exhibition of Paintings & Sculpture, AIC, 1933, 1934
Solo, Galerie Carmine, Paris
Chicago Society of Artists Exhibit, Club Women's Bureau, Mandel Brothers, Chicago, 1938
Women Painters of America, 1939
Wichita (KA) Art Museum, 1939
Salon d'Automne, Paris
Salon des Independants, Paris
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
16 Cities, Museum of Modern Art, NYC
The Ten, Marshall Field Galleries, Chicago
Provincetown (RI) Art Association
Awards: 
Austin Women's Club Prize, Annual Exhibition of Works by Chicago and Vicinity Artists, AIC,1921
Brower prize, Annual Exhibition of Works by Chicago and Vicinity Artists, AIC, 1929
Frank prize, Annual Exhibition of Works by Chicago and Vicinity Artists, AIC, 1931
First Prize, Women Painters of America, 1939
Memberships: 
Chicago Arts Club
Chicago Society of Artists
Southwestern Artists Association, San Diego, CA
New York Society of Women Artists, NYC
Cordon Club
Chicago Water Color Club
Artists Guild, Chicago
Society of Western Artists, Chicago, associate member
National Association of Women Artists, NYC
Collections: 
Detroit (MI) Institute of Art
Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL
Training: 
AIC
Paris
Provincetown, MA
Other Occupations: 
Teacher, AIC
Biography: 
Flora Schofield (1871-1960)

Flora Schofield and husband Frank, a lawyer, lived on East Pearson Street, two blocks from Chicago's historic Water Tower on Michigan Av-enue. In 1934, Flora designed their three-story home to accommodate her profession by including a studio for herself, another for her son, Paul, and an exhibition room. It was a meeting place for artists for many years. In 1940, her son married artist Frances Badger in his mother’s second-floor studio.

Flora was a painter and printmaker of figures, floral still lifes, and city scenes. Her images were both abstract and representational, often Cubist-inspired; her use of color was influenced by Matisse.

"If the so-called modern movement in art has meant anything," Flora wrote in 1933, "it has taught the importance of good drawing. … I do not mean photographic drawing. I mean sensitive drawing, where any liberty can be taken with natural forms and lines."1

Flora studied in Paris, maintaining a studio there for 9 years, and in Provincetown, Massachusetts, where she was an early proponent of the uniquely American white-line woodcut print technique developed in 1915. The new method required one block of wood for the entire design instead of a block for each color. The simplicity of the method and its applicability to Cubist designs appealed to Illinois artists like Flora who worked and exhibited with the Provincetown Printers.

1. J. Z. Jacobson, Art of Today: Chicago 1933 (Chicago: L. M. Stein, 1932), 115.