Eleanor Coen

Maiden Name: 
Coen
Variant Names: 
Eleanor Coen Kahn
Spouse: 
Max Kahn
Children: 
2
Birth Date: 
10/21/1916
Birth Place: 
Normal, IL
Death Date: 
07/9/2010
Residences/Studios: 
Normal, IL
1305 W 54th Place, Chicago (Studio with Isadore Weinger, Max Kahn)
Hyde Park, Chicago, late 1940s- early 1950s
1759 N Cleveland Ave. Chicago, after 1953
Martha's Vineyard, MA, built in 1959
Active In: 
Chicago
Medium: 
Drawing
Lithography
Painting - Oil
Painting - Watercolor
Pastels
Subject: 
Child Figure/Portrait
City Scenes/Cityscape
Landscape
Exhibitions: 
Annual Exhibition of the Art Students League of Chicago, AIC, 1938
Print Exhibition, San Francisco (CA) Museum of Art, 1946
North Shore Art League Exhibition, Winnetka (IL) 1948
One-woman Exhibition, Smithsonian Institution, 1951
Corcoran Gallery, Washington DC, 1947
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1947-51
Awards: 
Purchase Prize, North Shore Art League Exhibition, Winnetka (IL), 1948
Collections: 
San Francisco Museum of Art
Library of Congress, Washington, DC
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh
Art Institute of Chicago
Brooklyn Museum
Museo de Arte Moderna, Sao Paula, Brazil
Philadelphia (PA) Museum of Fine Art
National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden
University of Delaware
New Britain (CN) Museum
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington DC
Training: 
Illinois State University, Normal, IL
SAIC
San Miguel de Allende Summer School, Mexico
Oxbow Summer School of Art, Saugatuck, MI
Other Occupations: 
WPA/FAP, 1939-40
Teacher, SAIC, 1950-58
Biography: 
To learn more about Eleanor Coen, see the articles, artwork, and biography at http://www.eleanorcoen.com/.

Eleanor Coen established her art career during the great depression. In the Works Progress Administration Federal Arts Project (WPA/FAP) she and her husband Max Kahn helped forge a tradition of twentieth century color lithography and painting.

She was born in 1916 in Normal, Illinois. Both a student (and later teacher) at the Art Institute of Chicago, Coen studied there with Boris Anisfeld, Francis Chapin and Max Kahn. She married Kahn in 1942. She was at the forefront of the Chicago art in the '40's and '50's. Her work found inspiration from the urban landscapes, her travels and the figure rendered in her signature figurative expressionist style.

From 1939 to 1940, while a student at the Chicago Art Institute Coen participated in the Depression-era WPA Federal Art Project in Chicago. She shared a studio with Max Kahn and other artists Isadore Weiner and Misch Kohn in Chicago's South Side. There they pioneered color lithography which wasn't supported at the time at SAIC.

In 1941 Eleanor was the first woman to win the James Nelson Raymond Traveling Fellowship, a $2000 first prize (for students with the best work). People who won usually went to Europe but because of the war Max and Eleanor decided to go to Mexico. They drove to Mexico with friend and fellow artist Julio de Diego, (who later married Gypsy Rose Lee). In Mexico City they lived with their close friend Alfredo Zalce, who was a founder of the Taller De Grafica Popular (TGP). Eleanor did a number of lithographs in that time frame and in fact was the first woman to work for the TGP. She and Max were both active members of the TGP and influenced other Chicago area artists to follow. With a close friend, artist Pablo O'Higgins, Max and Eleanor went to San Miguel de Allende where Max set up a lithography studio and taught lithography at the School of Bellas Artes in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. While there Eleanor painted a large mural which still graces a wall in the school courtyard. The mural and school are national monuments. A good friend Alfredo Zalce, was also doing a mural there at the same time.

In Mexico she met other artists such as Leopoldo Méndez, and Ángel Bracho. She was especially influenced by Jose Clement Orozco for his figural style. After the war started they came back to Chicago where she and Max were married in 1942. Eleanor and Max returned to Mexico several times traveling throughout the Yucatan and staying in Campeche with their artist friend Frank Vavruska. She taught at SAIC Ox-Bow summer school of art in Saugatuck, Michigan with Francis Chapin. Eleanor and Max painted in San Francisco, Blackhawk Colorado, Santa Fe and on Martha's Vineyard where they had a studio and worked during the summers.

Eleanor has had a long and successful career at the forefront of printmaking and oil painting and is a vital part of the art community. Her work appears in numerous collections and museums including the Art Institute of Chicago and the Smithsonian Museum of American Art. She has won numerous prizes including the American Color Print Society in 1953, Philadelphia Print Club in 1952 and the Chicago show. Eleanor has been called the best painter in Chicago of the 40 & 50's era.

To learn more about Eleanor Coen, see the articles, artwork, and biography at the Eleanor Coen website. Her work can be seen at the Corbett vs Dempsey gallery in Chicago.
References: 
Mary and Leight Block Galery, Second Sight: Printmaking in Chicago 1935-1995 Northwestern University 1996
Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art, Paths to the Press, Printmaking and American Women Artists, 1010-1960, Kansas State University
Snite Museum of Art, Women of the Taller De Grafica Popular, University of Notre Dame, 2007
Tezontle, El Taller De Graphica Popular, Humberto Musacchio, Fondo De Cultura Economica, 2007
Translation from Spanish by McCalla, Maline Gilbert, Cossio del Pomar in San Miguel de Allende ImpreColor S.A. de C. C.V., Santiago de Queretaro, Qro. 2007
Costa, Gina, Para la Gente, Art, Politics, and Cultural Identity of the Taller De Graphica Popular, Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame, 2009