One of the works that will be displayed in the exhibition Making their Mark: Illinois Women Artists 1940-1960 opening October 17, 2015 at Peoria Riverfront Museum.
Mary Agnes Yerkes
By Craig H. Yerkes, grandnephew of Mary Agnes Yerkes
Mary Agnes Yerkes was born in Oak Park, IL. on August 9th, 1886. Her parents, Charles Sherman Yerkes and Mary Greenlees Yerkes, had moved to their N. Grove Ave. home a few years earlier from Ohio. She was the third child of four siblings; Reuben Archibald, Alice Agnew, and Charles Greenlees. Mary Agnes graduated from Oak Park and River Forest High School in 1906, and became an accomplished local artist. She studied at the Rockford College, the Academy of Fine Arts (where she also taught) and the Chicago Art Institute, had special painting instruction under Wellington Reynolds, John W. Norton and Walter Marshall Clute, and participated in numerous exhibitions, including the exhibits of Chicago artists and of the American Water Color Society at the Art Institute from 1912-1915.1
Mary Agnes also had a two week showing at Grable’s art store on Oak Park Avenue during October, 1915, about which a Chicago critic wrote: “Miss Yerkes’ work shows remarkable versatility in both subject and medium, and she is unusually successful in doing many things well. The pictures are in oil and pastel and watercolor, and their subjects range from figures to landscape and still life, and from the daintiest spring to drifting winter snows. Through all of her pictures, however, runs the same gift of clear, joyous, exquisite color. She will be very famous some day for her sense of color, and also for her rare gift of imagination.” 2
Her father died in 1908. Shortly thereafter, her mother commissioned a house from architect John S. Van Bergen, a protégé of Frank Lloyd Wright, in 1913. The “Mary Greenlees Residence” is an Oak Park Preservation Trust award recipient. The home was specifically designed with an upstairs art studio for Mary Agnes. Records at the Art Institute and listings within Oak Park directories show Mary Agnes living at this 450 Iowa address from 1913-1919. Her mother lived with Mary Agnes until the end.
In 1917, she married Navy Commander Archibald Offley and had one child, Mary Yerkes Offley, born in 1918 and died at the age of 15. The married life of a navel officer found them transferred to several ports on the West Coast; San Diego, Vallejo and Long Beach, CA. among others. They finally took up permanent residence in San Mateo, CA. around 1941 where she lived till her death in 1989 at a grand old age of 103.
Mary Agnes spent all of her adult life painting. Her professional desires as a painter were crushed with the onset of the Great Depression, as were many other artists. She still found personal solace, and with California as a base, she took frequent trips to paint her favorite subject matter, our national parks. She traveled and camped the entire American West. From Tucson to Alberta, Canada and from Yosemite Valley to Santa Fe, she found passion in nature, the love of art and its process. She painted, carved furniture, hooked rugs of her own design, and wove fabric on her loom for her own clothes and accessories. The body of work that has now been presented was from her own walls. To her these paintings represented fond memories and as a result never dispersed. They are now her legacy, as one of the great women painters of the American West.
1Todd Ellis, Researcher, 2001, Wright Plus 2001 Project, “Mary Greenlees Residence”
2Oak Leaves, Oct 23, 1915
Also see Mary Agnes Yerkes website.